Vocal warm ups

The Ultimate Guide to Vocal Warm-Ups for Beginners and Beyond



Mastering the art of vocal warm-ups is essential for anyone who uses their voice, whether professionally, creatively, or in daily life. Aspiring singers, seasoned performers, public speakers, and even the casual user can all benefit from a well-rounded warm-up routine. This guide aims to provide you with a structured yet adaptable approach, helping you lay the foundations to unlock your vocal potential without stress.

The Importance of Mindset and Vocal Warm-Ups

Before we delve into exercises, let’s acknowledge two crucial points:

  • Mindset: Your voice for speaking and singing are interlinked; think of singing as an extension of your speaking voice. Entering your practice with the right mindset can make a world of difference.
  • Why Warm Up: Vocal warm-ups prepare your vocal cords for the physical and emotional demands of performance. They increase blood flow, flexibility, and strength in your vocal cords, mitigating risks like straining or cracking.

Finding a Balance: Science and Performance

It’s easy to get caught in the whirlpool of information and choices available for vocal warm-ups, leading to stress and confusion. On one hand, some teachers focus solely on the scientific aspects, while others may concentrate solely on performance. Striking a balance between the two is vital. Remember, the aim here is to focus on communication and performance at every level, whether singing or speaking.

Core Warm-Up Exercises

Starting Simple

  • Humming: All articles that you read will agree that humming is a fundamental and effective starting point. Close your lips and emit a steady, low hum, moving higher and lower in pitch.
  • Vocal Straw Exercises: This involves humming exercises but takes it a step further by demanding concentration, listening, and learning the right type of pressure to avoid fatigue which in turn increases your vocal range as a singer and as a public speaker.

Intermediate Warm-Ups

  • Lip Trills: Blow air through your lips to make them flutter or ‘trill.’ This activity is excellent for relaxing your lips and improving breath control. You can read more here about  Lip Trills.
  • Vibration on the Mouth and Lips: Exercises such as the Tongue Trill, Lip Buzz, and Yawn Sigh can help you understand this concept better.
  • Sirens: This involves mimicking the sound of a police siren from the lowest to the highest note you can comfortably hit, and back down. It’s excellent for extending vocal range and taking away the embarrassment that our voices can make at times.
  • The “Ah” Exercise: Open your mouth wide and say “Ah.” Start at your lowest comfortable note and move up and down in pitch. This is good for breath control and articulation.

Advanced Techniques

  • Ad lib Exercises: Returning to Vocal Straw and Siren exercises at different speeds and starting on different notes can help you build your ability to ad lib in songs or speeches.
  • Harmonies: Stick to a simple melody and one harmony to start. As you get comfortable, you can expand to include more complex harmonies.
  • Tongue Twisters: These help with articulation and can improve your diction when executed correctly. heck out my article for the 7 best tongue twisters.
  • Breath Control: Inhale deeply for four counts, hold the breath for four, and release for another four. Adjust the counts as you become more comfortable.

Customising Your Routine

As you gain experience, adapt these exercises to your unique vocal range and comfort level. You may also want to explore various vocal techniques like Speech Level Singing, Estill Voice Training and use of Melisma. Always listen to your body and adjust if something feels strained or uncomfortable. Keeping up a daily vocal excercise will help to maintain your voice in top shape.


Vocal warm-ups are not an optional extra but a fundamental part of vocal performance that provides you with the necessary edge. Follow this guide as your stepping stone to vocal greatness. Whether you’re a beginner or looking to refine your existing skills, always remember to be loud, be proud, and let your voice shine!